Kingdom of Bhutan is located in the west of the Asian Continent, with a population of 716,896, making it the 165th largest
national population. Its capital and largest city is
Thimphu with a total population of 98,676. The country encompasses
47,000 square kilometers making it the 131 largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with China and India.

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Heir Apparent Prince Jigyel
Ugyen Wangchuck, achieves that status through heredity and holds that position for life or abdication. Prime Minister Jigme
Yoser Thinley is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through popular vote by the Council of
Ministers or
Lhengye Shungtsog all nominated by the monarch, and approved by the National Assembly or Tshogdu,  with
members serving fixed, five-year terms. Its form of government is a Monarchy with special treaty relationship with India
and their constitution was formally promulgated on 18 July 2008.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Dzongkha, Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects and Nepalese speak
various Nepalese dialects. It counts among its major religions Lamaistic Buddhist and Indian and Nepalese influenced
Hinduism. As sources of mass communication it has 9 FM, 1 Short Wave and 1 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Kula Kangri, its highest point at 7,005 meters and Dangme Chhu, its lowest point at 97
meters. Its principal waterway is Dangme Chhu, which measures 400 kilometers and serves as one of the headwaters of
the Ganges River.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are cement, wood products, processed
food, alcoholic beverages and calcium carbide. Its official currency is the Bhutanese ngultrum and Indian rupee.

Here’s something you may not know about Bhutan. Bhutan once issued a group of postage stamps that were actually
phonograph records issued in 1973 one side was recorded with Native folk songs that could be played on a phonograph
Punakha Dzhong
Tiger's Nest Monastery
Bridge over the Phou
Chhu River
Dochu La Pass
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Updated 22 August 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
Less than 0.2%
(2009 est)
Less than 1

Less than 100
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Kula Kangri- Bhutan's
highest and
northernmost point on
the border with China
Dangme Chhu-
Bhutan's lowest point
The Bhutanese Royal
Palace in Thimphu
Thimphu- Bhutan's
capital and largest city
Trongsa- the ancestral
hometown of the
Bhutanese Royal
Daifam- Bhutan's
easternmost point on
the border with India
Ha Valley- Bhutan's
westernmost point on
the border with India
Jasha Maroo- a
Bhutanese dish of
minced spicy chicken
Kalikhola- Bhutan's
southernmost point on
the border with India
Terrace farming in the
Punakha Valley