Department of Guiana is an overseas department of France located in the north of the South American Continent, with a
population of 236,250, making it the 184th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Cayenne with a total
metro population of 116,124. The country encompasses 91,000 square kilometers making it the 111th largest country in
total area. It shares boundaries with North Atlantic Ocean, Brazil, Suriname.

President of France Francois Hollande is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote
and holds that position for five years. He is represented by Prefect Denis Labbe. President of the General Council Alain
Tien-Liong and President of the Regional Council Rodolphe Alexandre are recognized as the Heads of Government and
achieve that status by appointment from each respective Council.  Its form of government is an overseas department of
France and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 4th of October 1958 (French Constitution).

The languages commonly or officially spoken are French. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic. As sources
of mass communication it has 2 AM, 14 FM, 6 Short Wave and 3 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Bellevue De l’Inini, its highest point at 851 meters and Atlantic Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterways are Oyapok Fleuve, Maroni Lowa and Lilani Rivers and the Atlantic Ocean, which
measures 851 Kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are construction, shrimp processing,
forest products and gold mining. Its official currency is the Euro.

Here’s something you may not know about French Guiana. The largest spider in the world is the giant bird eating spider
found in French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana which has been recorded to have a leg span of more than 11 inches.
French Guiana is also home and launch pad for the European Space Agency.
Carnival- Diable Day in
Devil's Island prison
Dreyfus Tower Devil's
Island on the Atlantic
Ocean- French
Guiana's its lowest
Laotian child resettled
to French Guiana
View from Bellevue De
l'Inini- French Guiana's
highest point
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Terras de Guyane
Place Palmistes in
Cayenne- French
Guiana's capital and
largest city
Zebu-Wild cattle
preferred by pirates
European Space
Agency rocket
preparing for blast off
Updated 10 July 2012
Read about human rights in the
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Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:


Apatou on the Maroni
River- French
Guiana's westernmost
point on the border
with Suriname
Awala-Yalimapo on the
Atlantic Coast- French
Guiana's northernmost
point on the border
with Suriname
Barrage du Petit Saut-
French Guiana's
largest lake
Bouillon d'Aoura- A
French Guiana favorite
French Guiana
indigenous people in
native dress
Ouanary- French
Guiana's easternmost
point on the Oyapock
River and the border
with Brazil
Mountains- French
Guiana's southernmost
point on the border
with Brazil