Republic of Iceland is located in between the Greenland Sea and The Atlantic Ocean of the European Continent, with a
population of 313,183, making it the 17
9th largest in national population. Its capital and largest city is Reykjavik with a total
population of 119,108. The country encompasses 103,000 square kilometers making it the 107th largest country in total
area. It shares boundaries with Greenland Sea, Atlantic Ocean and Denmark Strait.

President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson is recognized as the chief of state and achieves that status through popular vote and
holds that position for a four year term with no term limits. Prime Minister Johanna Sigurdardottir is recognized as the Head
of Government and achieves that status following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the
majority coalition is usually the prime minister. Its form of government is a Constitutional Republic and they celebrate the
creation of their constitution on 16th of June 1944.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Icelandic, English, Nordic and German. It counts among its major
religions Lutheran, Church of Iceland, Reykjavik Free Church, Roman Catholic, Hafnarfjorour Free Church, Other
Christian, Other and Unaffiliated As sources of mass communication it has 3 AM, 77 FM, 1 Short Wave and 14 Television
stations.

Major geographical features are Hvannadalshnukur, its highest point at 2,110 meters and Atlantic Ocean, its lowest point at
0 meters. Its principal waterway is Sandahofn.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are fish processing, aluminum smelting,
ferro-silicon production, geothermal power and tourism. Its official currency is Icelandic Krone.

Here’s something you may not know about Iceland. People in Iceland per capita read more books than people anywhere
else in the world.
Blue Lagoon-hot water
and mud for all!
Geyser-one of
thousands in Iceland
Hot water cave- part of
Iceland's extensive
geothermal network
Humpback whale off
Iceland's Atlantic
coast, its lowest point
City of Reykjavik-
Iceland's capital and
largest city
Viking ruin can be
found all over Iceland
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Vatnajokull- the largest
glacier in Europe is
found on Iceland
Hvannadalshnukur-
Iceland's highest point
Icelandic ponies
ICELAND
Updated 11 July 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.3% (2009 est.)

l
ess than 1,000

less than 100
Read about human rights in my
Dad's World Post Report!
Bjargtangar- the
westernmost point of
both Iceland and
Europe
Grimsey- the
northernmost point of
the Iceland mainland
Hangikjot- an Icelandic
dish of smoked lamb
Holar in central Iceland
Icelandic girl in
national costume
Isafjordur in northwest
Iceland
Kolbeinsey- the
northernmost island of
Iceland
Neskaupstadur- the
easternmost point of
Iceland
Viking ship sculpture
near Reykjavik
Surtsey Island- an
active volcano and the
southernmost island of
Iceland        
Vik columns- the
southernmost point of
the Icelandic mainland