Sultanate of Oman is located in the Middle East of the Asian Continent, with a population of 3,090,150, making it the 136th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Muscat with a total population of 734,697. The country
encompasses 309,500 square kilometers making it the 7
1st largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with the Strait
of Hormuz, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates that likewise contains the Omani
exclaves of the Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah.

Sultan and Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said al-Said is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and
achieves that status through heredity and holds that position for life or abdication. Its form of government is a monarchy
and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 6th of November 1996.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, English, Baluchi, Urdu and Indian dialects. It counts among its
major religions Ibadhi Muslim, Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim and Hindu. As sources of mass communication it has 3 AM, 9
FM, 2 Short Wave and 19 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Jabal Shams, its highest point at 2,980 meters and Arabian Sea, its lowest point at 0 meters.
Its principal waterway is the Arabian Sea, which measures 2,092 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are crude oil production and refining,
natural and liquefied natural gas production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals and optic fiber. Its official
currency is Omani Rial.

Here’s something you may not know about Oman. The first Arabic country to have women police officers was Oman.
Dawn in Muscat
Omani traditional dress
Golden Mountain close
to Kasab
Omani Mishkak-
skewered meat grilled
on charcoal
Old Dhow in Bukha,
Musandam Peninsula
on the Persian Gulf-
Oman's northernmost
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Updated 14 March 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.1% (2009 est.)


less then
Castle in Rab Al Khali
Ruined city of Al
Fahl Rock- a favorite
diving spot near Muscat
Sinkhole in Tiwi
Humpback whales off
the coast of Duqm
Jabal Shams-
Oman's highest point
Muscat Bay- Oman's
capital and largest city
Sur on the Gulf of
Loggerhead Turtle on
Masirah Island on the
Arabian Sea- Oman's
lowest point
Al Hotl Cave- one of
the largest in the world
and a key Oman
Umm as Samim- a
quicksand basin in the
Rub' Al Khali desert of
Oman and Saudi
Nakhal Fort at the foot
of the Jebel Akhdar
Mountains of
Northwest Oman
A switchback road on
the Oman/ Yemen
Strait of Hormuz
connects the Persian
Gulf to the Gulf of
Oman and the
"superhighway" of
Middle eastern oil
The Empty Quarter-
the easternmost point
of Oman on the border
with Saudi Arabia and
Qarat al-Qabil on
Oman's border with
United Arab Emirates
Ras al-Hadd- Oman's
easternmost point on
the Gulf of Oman
Rub Darat All- Oman's
southernmost point on
the border with Yemen
Rub Oman
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